School subject choices and social inequalities in higher education entry and labour market outcomes

This project aimed to assess whether and to what extent social class differentials in entry to higher education and in occupational destinations are mediated by subject choices in secondary education. In Scotland and overall in the UK, students in upper secondary education are free to choose the type and number of subjects. At the same time, universities, in particular the

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Understanding the crime drop in Scotland

In the first of the AQMeN Research Briefing paper series, Les Humphreys, Brian Francis and Susan McVie, from the Crime and Victimisation research strand, examined trends in crimes of dishonesty, non-sexual crimes of violence, motor vehicle offences and miscellaneous offences. They explored the relationship between these types of crime and a range of factors known to be associated with crime.

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Can we predict escalation in offending seriousness?

Key points: There is perhaps an assumption among the general public that offenders tend to escalate in seriousness as they develop in their criminal career. Few criminologists, however, have attempted to understand how seriousness of offending increases, remains stable or decreases over the criminal life-course. Using the Offenders Index data for England and Wales, Francis and Liu compared different methods

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